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Овај модул се користи за преузимање и управљање језицима који могу имати уноса у Виктионарима, као и информације повезане с њима. ПогледајтеВикиречник:Језици за више информација.

За језике и језичке разлике које се могу користити у етимологијама, погледајте Модул:etymology languages. За језичке породице, које се понекад појављују у етимологијама, погледајте Модул:families.

Овај модул омогућава приступ другим модулима. Да бисте приступили информацијама у оквиру предложака, погледајте Модул:languages/templates.

Сама информација се чува у различитим модулима података који су подстрани овог модула. Они су наведени у Категорија:Language data modules. Ови модули не би требало директно користити било којим другим модулом, подаци треба да се приступају само функцијама које обезбеђује Модул:languages.

Проналажење и преузимање језикаУреди

Модул извози низ функција које се користе за проналажење језика.

getByCodeУреди

getByCode(code)

Finds the language whose code matches the one provided. If it exists, it returns a Language object representing the language. Otherwise, it returns nil.

getByCanonicalNameУреди

getByCanonicalName(name)

Finds the language whose canonical name (the name used to represent that language on Wiktionary) or other name matches the one provided. If it exists, it returns a Language object representing the language. Otherwise, it returns nil.

The canonical name of languages should always be unique (it is an error for two languages on Wiktionary to share the same canonical name), so this is guaranteed to give at most one result.

This function and the following are powered by Модул:languages/by name, which goes through the Категорија:Језик модули података for non-etymology languages and creates one table of canonical names with their language codes and another table with both canonical names and other names.

getByNameУреди

getByCanonicalName(name)

Like getByCanonicalName(), except it also looks at the otherNames listed in the non-etymology language data modules.

getAllУреди

getAll()

This function is expensive

Returns a table containing Језик objects for all languages, sorted by code.

This function searches through the whole database of languages, and is therefore relatively resource-intensive. It should be used sparingly.

Језички објектиУреди

A Language object is returned from one of the functions above. It is a Lua representation of a language and the data associated with it. It has a number of methods that can be called on it, using the : syntax. For example:

local m_languages = require("Модул:languages")
local lang = m_languages.getByCode("fr")
local name = lang:getCanonicalName()
-- "name" will now be "French"
local name1 = lang:getCanonicalName1()
-- "name1" će biti "Francuskog"

Language:getCodeУреди

:getCode()

Returns the language code of the language. Пример: "fr" за Француски.

Language:getCanonicalNameУреди

:getCanonicalName()

Returns the canonical name of the language. This is the name used to represent that language on Wiktionary, and is guaranteed to be unique to that language alone. Пример: "Француски" за Француски.

Language:getAllNamesУреди

:getAllNames()

Returns a table of all names that the language is known by, including the canonical name. The names are not guaranteed to be unique, sometimes more than one language is known by the same name. Пример: {"Француски", "Модерни Француски"} за Француски.

Language:getTypeУреди

:getType()

Returns the type of language, which can be "regular", "reconstructed" or "appendix-constructed".

Language:getWikimediaLanguagesУреди

:getWikimediaLanguages()

Returns a table containing WikimediaLanguage objects (see Модул:wikimedia languages), which represent languages and their codes as they are used in Wikimedia projects for interwiki linking and such. More than one object may be returned, as a single Wiktionary language may correspond to multiple Wikimedia languages. For example, Wiktionary's single code sh (Serbo-Croatian) maps to four Wikimedia codes: sh (Serbo-Croatian), bs (Bosnian), hr (Хрватски) and sr (Српски).

The code for the Wikimedia language is retrieved from the wikimedia_codes property in the data modules. If that property is not present, the code of the current language is used. If none of the available codes is actually a valid Wikimedia code, an empty table is returned.

Language:getWikipediaArticleУреди

:getWikipediaArticle()

Returns the name of the Wikipedia article for the language. If the property wikipedia_article is present in the data module it will be used first, otherwise a sitelink will be generated from :getWikidataItem (if set). Otherwise :getCategoryName is used as fallback.

Language:getWikidataItemУреди

:getWikidataItem()

Returns the Wikidata item id for the language or nil. This corresponds to the the second field in the data modules.

Language:getScriptsУреди

:getScripts()

Returns a table of Script objects for all scripts that the language is written in. See Module:scripts.

Language:getScriptCodesУреди

:getScriptCodes()

Returns the table of script codes in the language's data file.

Language:getFamilyУреди

:getFamily()

Returns a Family object for the language family that the language belongs to. See Модул:families.

Language:getAncestorsУреди

:getAncestors()

Returns a table of Language objects for all languages that this language is directly descended from. Generally this is only a single language, but creoles, pidgins and mixed languages can have multiple ancestors.

Language:getCategoryNameУреди

:getCategoryName()

Врађа име главне категорије језика за тај језик. Пример: "Француски језик" за Француски, чија категорија је на Категорија:Француски језик.

Language:makeEntryNameУреди

:makeEntryName(term)

Converts the given term into the form used in the names of entries. This removes diacritical marks from the term if they are not considered part of the normal written form of the language, and which therefore are not permitted in page names. It also removes certain punctuation characters like final question marks or periods which are never present in page names. Пример за Латински: "amō""amo" (macron is removed).

The replacements made by this function are defined by the entry_name setting for each language in the data modules.

Language:makeSortKeyУреди

:makeSortKey(term)

Creates a sort key for the given, following the rules appropriate for the language. This removes diacritical marks from the term if they are not considered significant for sorting, and may perform some other changes. Any initial hyphen is also removed, and anything parentheses is removed as well.

The sort_key setting for each language in the data modules defines the replacements made by this function, or it gives the name of the module that takes the entry name and returns a sortkey.

Language:transliterateУреди

:transliterate(text, sc, module_override)

Transliterates the text from the given script into the Latin script (see Викиречник:Транзиција и романизација). The language must have the translit_module property for this to work; if it is not present, nil is returned.

The sc parameter is handled by the transliteration module, and how it is handled is specific to that module. Some transliteration modules may tolerate nil as the script, others require it to be one of the possible scripts that the module can transliterate, and will show an error if it's not one of them. For this reason, the sc parameter should always be provided when writing non-language-specific code.

The module_override parameter is used to override the default module that is used to provide the transliteration. This is useful in cases where you need to demonstrate a particular module in use, but there is no default module yet, or you want to demonstrate an alternative version of a transliteration module before making it official. It should not be used in real modules or templates, only for testing. All uses of this parameter are tracked by Шаблон:tracking/module_override.

Language:hasTranslitУреди

:hasTranslit()

Returns true if the language has a transliteration module, false if it doesn't.

Language:getRawDataУреди

:getRawData()

This function is not for use in entries or other content pages.

Returns a blob of data about the language. The format of this blob is undocumented, and perhaps unstable; it's intended for things like the module's own unit-tests, which are "close friends" with the module and will be kept up-to-date as the format changes.

Error functionУреди

err(lang, param, text)

Looks at a supposed language code passed through a template parameter and returns a helpful error message depending on whether the language code has a valid form (two or three lowercase basic Latin letters, two or three groups of three lowercase basic Latin letters separated by hyphens).

Add the parameter value in argument #1 and the parameter name in argument #2. For instance, if parameter 1 of the template is supposed to be a language code, this function can be called the following way:

local m_languages = require("Модул:languages")
local lang = m_languages.getByCode(frame.args[1]) or m_languages.err(frame.args[1], 1)

If you would like the error message to say something other than "language code", place the phrase in argument #3.

Видите такођеУреди

local export = {}

local function do_entry_name_or_sort_key_replacements(text, replacements)
	if replacements.from then
		for i, from in ipairs(replacements.from) do
			local to = replacements.to[i] or ""
			text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, from, to)
		end
	end
	
	if replacements.remove_diacritics then
		text = mw.ustring.toNFD(text)
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text,
			'[' .. replacements.remove_diacritics .. ']',
			'')
		text = mw.ustring.toNFC(text)
	end
	
	return text
end

local Language = {}

function Language:getCode()
	return self._code
end


function Language:getCanonicalName()
	return self._rawData[1] or self._rawData.canonicalName
end


function Language:getDisplayForm()
	return self:getCanonicalName()
end


function Language:getOtherNames(onlyOtherNames)
	self:loadInExtraData()
	return require("Модул:language-like").getOtherNames(self, onlyOtherNames)
end


function Language:getAliases()
	self:loadInExtraData()
	return self._extraData.aliases or {}
end


function Language:getVarieties(flatten)
	self:loadInExtraData()
	return require("Модул:language-like").getVarieties(self, flatten)
end


function Language:getType()
	return self._rawData.type or "regular"
end


function Language:getWikimediaLanguages()
	if not self._wikimediaLanguageObjects then
		local m_wikimedia_languages = require("Модул:wikimedia languages")
		self._wikimediaLanguageObjects = {}
		local wikimedia_codes = self._rawData.wikimedia_codes or { self._code }
		
		for _, wlangcode in ipairs(wikimedia_codes) do
			table.insert(self._wikimediaLanguageObjects, m_wikimedia_languages.getByCode(wlangcode))
		end
	end
	
	return self._wikimediaLanguageObjects
end

function Language:getWikipediaArticle()
	if self._rawData.wikipedia_article then
		return self._rawData.wikipedia_article 
	elseif self._wikipedia_article then
		return self._wikipedia_article
	elseif self:getWikidataItem() and mw.wikibase then
		self._wikipedia_article = mw.wikibase.sitelink(self:getWikidataItem(), 'enwiki')
	end
	if not self._wikipedia_article then
		self._wikipedia_article = mw.ustring.gsub(self:getCategoryName(), "Creole language", "Creole")
	end
	return self._wikipedia_article
end

function Language:makeWikipediaLink()
	return "[[w:" .. self:getWikipediaArticle() .. "|" .. self:getCanonicalName() .. "]]"
end

function Language:getWikidataItem()
	local item = self._rawData[2]
	
	if type(item) == "number" then
		return "Q" .. item
	else
		return item
	end
end

function Language:getScripts()
	if not self._scriptObjects then
		local m_scripts = require("Модул:scripts")
		self._scriptObjects = {}
		
		for _, sc in ipairs(self:getScriptCodes()) do
			table.insert(self._scriptObjects, m_scripts.getByCode(sc))
		end
	end
	
	return self._scriptObjects
end

function Language:getScriptCodes()
	return self._rawData.scripts or self._rawData[4] or { "None" }
end

function Language:getFamily()
	if self._familyObject then
		return self._familyObject
	end
		
	local family = self._rawData[3] or self._rawData.family 
	if family then
		self._familyObject = require("Модул:families").getByCode(family)
	end
	
	return self._familyObject
end


function Language:getAncestors()
	if not self._ancestorObjects then
		self._ancestorObjects = {}
		
		if self._rawData.ancestors then
			for _, ancestor in ipairs(self._rawData.ancestors) do
				table.insert(self._ancestorObjects, export.getByCode(ancestor) or require("Модул:etymology languages").getByCode(ancestor))
			end
		else
			local fam = self:getFamily()
			local protoLang = fam and fam:getProtoLanguage() or nil
			
			-- For the case where the current language is the proto-language
			-- of its family, we need to step up a level higher right from the start.
			if protoLang and protoLang:getCode() == self:getCode() then
				fam = fam:getFamily()
				protoLang = fam and fam:getProtoLanguage() or nil
			end
			
			while not protoLang and not (not fam or fam:getCode() == "qfa-not") do
				fam = fam:getFamily()
				protoLang = fam and fam:getProtoLanguage() or nil
			end
			
			table.insert(self._ancestorObjects, protoLang)
		end
	end
	
	return self._ancestorObjects
end

local function iterateOverAncestorTree(node, func)
	for _, ancestor in ipairs(node:getAncestors()) do
		if ancestor then
			local ret = func(ancestor) or iterateOverAncestorTree(ancestor, func)
			if ret then
				return ret
			end
		end
	end
end

function Language:getAncestorChain()
	if not self._ancestorChain then
		self._ancestorChain = {}
		local step = #self:getAncestors() == 1 and self:getAncestors()[1] or nil
		
		while step do
			table.insert(self._ancestorChain, 1, step)
			step = #step:getAncestors() == 1 and step:getAncestors()[1] or nil
		end
	end
	
	return self._ancestorChain
end


function Language:hasAncestor(otherlang)
	local function compare(ancestor)
		return ancestor:getCode() == otherlang:getCode()
	end
	
	return iterateOverAncestorTree(self, compare) or false
end


function Language:getCategoryName(nocap)
	local name = self:getCanonicalName()
	
	-- If the name already has "language" in it, don't add it.
	if not name:find("[Јј]език$") then
		name = name .. " језик"
	end
	if not nocap then
		name = mw.getContentLanguage():ucfirst(name)
	end
	return name
end


function Language:makeCategoryLink()
	return "[[:Категорија:" .. self:getCategoryName() .. "|" .. self:getDisplayForm() .. "]]"
end


function Language:getStandardCharacters()
	return self._rawData.standardChars
end


function Language:makeEntryName(text)
	text = mw.ustring.match(text, "^[¿¡]?(.-[^%s%p].-)%s*[؟?!;՛՜ ՞ ՟?!︖︕।॥။၊་།]?$") or text
	
	local entry_name_data = self._rawData.entry_name
	if type(entry_name_data) == "table" then
		text = do_entry_name_or_sort_key_replacements(text, entry_name_data)
	elseif type(entry_name_data) == "string" then
		text = require("Модул:" .. entry_name_data).makeEntryName(text, self:getCode())
	end
	
	return text
end


-- Return true if the language has display processing enabled, i.e. lang:makeDisplayText()
-- does non-trivial processing.
function Language:hasDisplayProcessing()
	return not not self._rawData.display
end


-- Apply display-text replacements to `text`, if any.
function Language:makeDisplayText(text)
	if type(self._rawData.display) == "table" then
		text = do_entry_name_or_sort_key_replacements(text, self._rawData.display)
	end
	
	return text
end

function Language:makeSortKey(name, sc)
	if self.dotted_dotless_i then
		name = name:gsub("I", "ı")
	end
	
	name = mw.ustring.lower(name)
	
	-- Remove initial hyphens and *
	local hyphens_regex = "^[-־ـ*]+(.)"
	name = mw.ustring.gsub(name, hyphens_regex, "%1")
	
	-- If there are language-specific rules to generate the key, use those
	if type(self._rawData.sort_key) == "table" then
		name = do_entry_name_or_sort_key_replacements(name, self._rawData.sort_key)
	elseif type(self._rawData.sort_key) == "string" then
		name = require("Module:" .. self._rawData.sort_key).makeSortKey(name, self:getCode(), sc and sc:getCode())
	end
	
	-- Remove parentheses, as long as they are either preceded or followed by something
	name = mw.ustring.gsub(name, "(.)[()]+", "%1")
	name = mw.ustring.gsub(name, "[()]+(.)", "%1")
	
	if self.dotted_dotless_i then
		name = name:gsub("i", "İ")
	end
	
	return mw.ustring.upper(name)
end

function Language:overrideManualTranslit()
	if self._rawData.override_translit then
		return true
	else
		return false
	end
end


function Language:transliterate(text, sc, module_override)
	if not ((module_override or self._rawData.translit_module) and text) then
		return nil
	end
	
	if module_override then
		require("Модул:debug").track("module_override")
	end
	
	return require("Модул:" .. (module_override or self._rawData.translit_module)).tr(text, self:getCode(), sc and sc:getCode() or nil)
end

function Language:hasTranslit()
	return self._rawData.translit_module and true or false
end


function Language:link_tr()
	return self._rawData.link_tr and true or false
end


function Language:toJSON()
	local entryNamePatterns = nil
	local entryNameRemoveDiacritics = nil
	
	if self._rawData.entry_name then
		entryNameRemoveDiacritics = self._rawData.entry_name.remove_diacritics
		if self._rawData.entry_name.from then
			entryNamePatterns = {}
			for i, from in ipairs(self._rawData.entry_name.from) do
				local to = self._rawData.entry_name.to[i] or ""
				table.insert(entryNamePatterns, { from = from, to = to })
			end
		end
	end
	
	local ret = {
		ancestors = self._rawData.ancestors,
		canonicalName = self:getCanonicalName(),
		categoryName = self:getCategoryName("nocap"),
		code = self._code,
		entryNamePatterns = entryNamePatterns,
		entryNameRemoveDiacritics = entryNameRemoveDiacritics,
		family = self._rawData[3] or self._rawData.family,
		otherNames = self:getOtherNames(true),
		aliases = self:getAliases(),
		varieties = self:getVarieties(),
		scripts = self._rawData.scripts or self._rawData[4],
		type = self:getType(),
		wikimediaLanguages = self._rawData.wikimedia_codes,
		wikidataItem = self:getWikidataItem(),
	}
	
	return require("Модул:JSON").toJSON(ret)
end


-- Do NOT use these methods!
-- All uses should be pre-approved on the talk page!
function Language:getRawData()
	return self._rawData
end

function Language:getRawExtraData()
	self:loadInExtraData()
	return self._extraData
end

Language.__index = Language


function export.getDataModuleName(code)
	if code:find("^%l%l$") then
		return "languages/data2"
	elseif code:find("^%l%l%l$") then
		local prefix = code:sub(1, 1)
		return "languages/data3/" .. prefix
	elseif code:find("^[%l-]+$") then
		return "languages/datax"
	else
		return nil
	end
end


function export.getExtraDataModuleName(code)
	if code:find("^%l%l$") then
		return "languages/extradata2"
	elseif code:find("^%l%l%l$") then
		local prefix = code:sub(1, 1)
		return "languages/extradata3/" .. prefix
	elseif code:find("^[%l-]+$") then
		return "languages/extradatax"
	else
		return nil
	end
end


local function getRawLanguageData(code)
	local modulename = export.getDataModuleName(code)
	return modulename and mw.loadData("Модул:" .. modulename)[code] or nil
end


local function getRawExtraLanguageData(code)
	local modulename = export.getExtraDataModuleName(code)
	return modulename and mw.loadData("Модул:" .. modulename)[code] or nil
end


function Language:loadInExtraData()
	if not self._extraData then
		-- load extra data from module and assign to meta table
		-- use empty table as a fallback if extra data is nil
		local meta = getmetatable(self)
		meta._extraData = getRawExtraLanguageData(self._code) or {}
		setmetatable(self, meta)
	end
end


function export.makeObject(code, data)
	if data and data.deprecated then
		require("Модул:debug").track {
			"languages/deprecated",
			"languages/deprecated/" .. code
		}
	end
	
	return data and setmetatable({ _rawData = data, _code = code }, Language) or nil
end


function export.getByCode(code, paramForError, allowEtymLang, allowFamily)
	if type(code) ~= "string" then
		error("The function getByCode expects a string as its first argument, but received " .. (code == nil and "nil" or "a " .. type(code)) .. ".")
	end
	
	local retval = export.makeObject(code, getRawLanguageData(code))
	if not retval and allowEtymLang then
		retval = require("Модул:etymology languages").getByCode(code)
	end
	if not retval and allowFamily then
		retval = require("Модул:families").getByCode(code)
	end
	if not retval and paramForError then
		require("Модул:languages/errorGetBy").code(code, paramForError, allowEtymLang, allowFamily)
	end
	return retval
end


function export.getByName(name, errorIfInvalid)
	local byName = mw.loadData("Модул:languages/by name")
	local code = byName.all and byName.all[name] or byName[name]
	
	if not code then
		if errorIfInvalid then
			error("The language name \"" .. name .. "\" is not valid. See [[Викречник:Листа језика]].")
		else
			return nil
		end
	end
	
	return export.makeObject(code, getRawLanguageData(code))
end

function export.getByCanonicalName(name, errorIfInvalid, allowEtymLang, allowFamily)
	local byName = mw.loadData("Модул:languages/canonical names")
	local code = byName and byName[name]

	local retval = code and export.makeObject(code, getRawLanguageData(code)) or nil
	if not retval and allowEtymLang then
		retval = require("Модул:etymology languages").getByCanonicalName(name)
	end
	if not retval and allowFamily then
		local famname = name:match("^(.*) језици$")
		famname = famname or name
		retval = require("Модул:families").getByCanonicalName(famname)
	end
	if not retval and errorIfInvalid then
		require("Модул:languages/errorGetBy").canonicalName(name, allowEtymLang, allowFamily)
	end
	return retval
end

--[[	If language is an etymology language, iterates through parent languages
		until it finds a non-etymology language. ]]
function export.getNonEtymological(lang)
	while lang:getType() == "etymology language" do
		local parentCode = lang:getParentCode()
		lang = export.getByCode(parentCode)
			or require("Модул:etymology languages").getByCode(parentCode)
			or require("Модул:families").getByCode(parentCode)
	end
	
	return lang
end

-- for backwards compatibility only; modules should require the /error themselves
function export.err(lang_code, param, code_desc, template_tag, not_real_lang)
	return require("Модул:languages/error")(lang_code, param, code_desc, template_tag, not_real_lang)
end

return export