Такође погледајте: Додатак:Варијанте од "al"

ЕнглескиУреди

Етимологија 1Уреди

Од Латински adjective suffix -ālis, или French, Middle French и Old French -el, -al. Likely, the aforementioned Latin suffix is formed from Etruscan genitive suffix -l (as in Etruscan ati (mother) / atial (mother's)) + adjectival suffix -is (as in fortis, dēbilis, etc.).

Алтернативни облициУреди

ИзговорУреди

СуфиксУреди

-al

  1. Of or pertaining to. Adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base + ‎-al → ‎basal
    cranium + ‎-al → ‎cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    propose + ‎-al → ‎proposal
    deny + ‎-al → ‎denial
Корисне белешкеУреди

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

As nominalizer, some verbs have two corresponding nouns, one ending in -al and the other in -tion/-sion (more common suffix), with one or the other being more common, sometimes with different nuances. Notable examples: disposition/disposal (dispose), proposition/proposal (propose), submission/submittal (submit), transmission/transmittal (transmit). Some superficial pairs are actually of different origin, notably reversion/reversal (revert/reverse, not both from reverse).

Изведени терминиУреди

Видите такођеУреди

Etymology 2Уреди

Extracted from the word aldehyde.

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) Forms the names of aldehydes.
TranslationsУреди

AnagramsУреди


AbenakiУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant)pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white)wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notesУреди

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

CatalanУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Латински -ālis.

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

-al (masculine and feminine plural -als)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure)estructural (structural).

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).



DanishУреди

SuffixУреди

Шаблон:da-suffix

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

DutchУреди

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. (functional group suffix) -al

SynonymsУреди

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).



EsperantoУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived termsУреди

(deprecated use of |lang= parameter)
  • alial (for another reason)
  • ĉial (for every reason)
  • ial (for any/some reason)
  • kial (for what reason, why)
  • nenial (for no reason)
  • tial (for that reason, therefore)

FrenchУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Средњи Француски, from Стари Француски -al, borrowed from Латински -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).



GermanУреди

EtymologyУреди

Borrowed from Латински -ālis.

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

Шаблон:de-suffix

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).



HungarianУреди

EtymologyУреди

-a- + Африканс

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. (verb-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing)szárnyal (to soar)
  2. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull)vonal (line)

Usage notesУреди

Шаблон:U:hu:verb-l

  • (noun-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


See alsoУреди


LeponticУреди

SuffixУреди

-al (-al)

  1. Шаблон:xlp-romanization of

ManxУреди

Alternative formsУреди

Suffix 1Уреди

Etymology 1Уреди

Extracted from goaill.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. suffix used to form verbal nouns

Suffix 2Уреди

Etymology 2Уреди

Extracted from goaill.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. suffix used productively to form denominative verbs and their associated verbal nouns
    yiarn (iron) + ‎-al → ‎yiarnal (to iron)
    post (post) + ‎-al → ‎postal (to post)

Suffix 3Уреди

Etymology 3Уреди

From Middle Irish -amail (compare Ирски -úil, Scottish Gaelic -ail, -eil), from Old Irish -amail.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. An adjectival suffix applied to various words, usually nouns, to make an adjective.

See alsoУреди


NormanУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Стари Француски -al, from Латински -ālis.

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).



NovialУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notesУреди

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Old FrenchУреди

Alternative formsУреди

EtymologyУреди

Borrowed from Латински -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. suffix used to form adjectives from nouns
    mesnaldomestic; household
    (from mesnee)

DescendantsУреди

  • Middle French: -al

PolishУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Прасловенски *-aljь.

PronunciationУреди

SuffixУреди

-al m

  1. Forms masculine nouns.

DeclensionУреди

Animate/personal:

Inanimate:

Surnames:

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).



PortugueseУреди

PronunciationУреди

Etymology 1Уреди

From Old Portuguese -al, from Латински -ālis.

SuffixУреди

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + ‎-al → ‎abismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + ‎-al → ‎industrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + ‎-al → ‎angelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + ‎-al → ‎ninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + ‎-al → ‎edital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + ‎-al → ‎pedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + ‎-al → ‎colmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + ‎-al → ‎trigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + ‎-al → ‎sobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
SynonymsУреди

Etymology 2Уреди

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

SuffixУреди

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

SpanishУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Латински -ālis.

SuffixУреди

Шаблон:es-suffix

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) + ‎-al → ‎cultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) + ‎-al → ‎maizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) + ‎-al → ‎naranjal (orange grove)

SynonymsУреди

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


Further readingУреди


SwedishУреди

SuffixУреди

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived termsУреди

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


See alsoУреди