Такође погледајте: dié, diè, diē, Diè, dîe, Die, и δῖε

EnglishУреди

PronunciationУреди

Etymology 1Уреди

From Средњи Енглески deyen, from Стари Енглески dīeġan and Old Norse deyja, both from Пра-Германски *dawjaną (to die). Displaced Стари Енглески sweltan.

VerbУреди

die (third-person singular simple present dies, present participle dying, simple past and past participle died)

  1. (intransitive) To stop living; to become dead; to undergo death.
    1. followed by of; general use:
      He died of embarrassment.
      • 1839, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, Penguin 1985, page 87:
        "What did she die of, Work'us?" said Noah. "Of a broken heart, some of our old nurses told me," replied Oliver.
      • 2000, Stephen King, On Writing, Pocket Books 2002, page 85:
        In 1971 or 72, Mom's sister Carolyn Weimer died of breast cancer.
    2. followed by from; general use, though somewhat more common in the context of medicine or the sciences:
      He died from heart failure.
      • 1865, British Medical Journal, 4 Mar 1865, page 213:
        She lived several weeks; but afterwards she died from epilepsy, to which malady she had been previously subject.
      • 2007, Frank Herbert & Kevin J. Anderson, Sandworms of Dune, Tor 2007, page 191:
        "Or all of them will die from the plague. Even if most of the candidates succumb. . ."
    3. followed by for; often expressing wider contextual motivations, though sometimes indicating direct causes:
      He died for the one he loved.
      • 1961, Joseph Heller, Catch-22, Simon & Schuster 1999, page 232:
        Englishmen are dying for England, Americans are dying for America, Germans are dying for Germany, Russians are dying for Russia. There are now fifty or sixty countries fighting in this war.
      • 2003, Tara Herivel & Paul Wright (editors), Prison Nation, Routledge 2003, page 187:
        Less than three days later, Johnson lapsed into a coma in his jail cell and died for lack of insulin.
    4. (now rare) followed by with as an indication of direct cause:
      • 1600, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act III, Scene I:
        Therefore let Benedicke like covered fire, / Consume away in sighes, waste inwardly: / It were a better death, to die with mockes, / Which is as bad as die with tickling.
      • 1830, Joseph Smith, The Book of Mormon, Richards 1854, page 337:
        And there were some who died with fevers, which at some seasons of the year was very frequent in the land.
    5. (still current) followed by with as an indication of manner:
      She died with dignity.
  2. (транзитивно) To stop living and undergo (a specified death).
    He died a hero's death.
    They died a thousand deaths.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To yearn intensely.
    I'm dying for a packet of crisps.
    I'm dying for a piss.
    • 1598, Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act III, Scene II:
      Yes, and his ill conditions; and in despite of all, dies for him.
    • 2004 Paul Joseph Draus, Consumed in the city: observing tuberculosis at century's end - Page 168
      I could see that he was dying, dying for a cigarette, dying for a fix maybe, dying for a little bit of freedom, but trapped in a hospital bed and a sick body.
  4. (intransitive) To be utterly cut off by family or friends, as if dead.
    The day our sister eloped, she died to our mother.
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) To become spiritually dead; to lose hope.
    He died a little inside each time she refused to speak to him.
  6. (intransitive, colloquial, hyperbolic) To be mortified or shocked by a situation.
    If anyone sees me wearing this ridiculous outfit, I'll die.
  7. (figuratively, intransitive, hyperbolic) To be so overcome with emotion or laughter as to be incapacitated.
    When I found out my two favorite musicians would be recording an album together, I literally planned my own funeral arrangements and died.
    • 1976, an anchorman on Channel Five in California, quoted in Journal and Newsletter [of the] California Classical Association, Northern Section:
      I literally died when I saw that.
  8. (intransitive, of a machine) To stop working, to break down.
    My car died in the middle of the freeway this morning.
  9. (intransitive, of a computer program) To abort, to terminate (as an error condition).
  10. To perish; to cease to exist; to become lost or extinct.
  11. To sink; to faint; to pine; to languish, with weakness, discouragement, love, etc.
    • Bible, 1 Samuel xxv. 37
      His heart died within, and he became as a stone.
  12. (often with "to") To become indifferent; to cease to be subject.
    to die to pleasure or to sin
  13. (intransitive, video games) To be killed by an enemy. Usually followed by to or another preposition.
    I can't believe I just died to a squirrel!
  14. (architecture) To disappear gradually in another surface, as where mouldings are lost in a sloped or curved face.
  15. To become vapid, flat, or spiritless, as liquor.
  16. (of a stand-up comedian or a joke) To fail to evoke laughter from the audience.
    Then there was that time I died onstage in Montreal...
Usage notesУреди
SynonymsУреди
Related termsУреди