ЕнглескиУреди

ЕтимологијаУреди

Од Средњи Француски dialecte, од Латински dialectos, dialectus, од Антички Грчки διάλεκτος (diálektos, conversation, the language of a country or a place or a nation, the local idiom which derives from a dominant language), од διαλέγομαι (dialégomai, I participate in a dialogue), од διά (diá, inter, through) + λέγω (légō, I speak).

ИзговорУреди

  • МФА(кључ): /ˈdaɪ.ə.ˌlɛkt/
  • (file)

ИменицаУреди

dialect (plural dialects)

  1. (лингвистика) A variety of a language that is characteristic of a particular area, community, or group, often differing from other varieties of the same language in minor ways as regards vocabulary, style, spelling and pronunciation.
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      And in addition, many dialects of English make no morphological distinction between Adjectives and Adverbs, and thus use Adjectives in contexts where the standard language requires -ly Adverbs
  2. (derogatory) Language that is perceived as substandard or wrong.
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      Well, those children don't speak dialect, not in this school. Maybe in the public schools, but not here.
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      [] on the second day, Miss Anderson gave the school a lecture on why it was wrong to speak dialect. She had ended by saying "Respectable people don't speak dialect."
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      Many even deny it and say something like this: "No, we don't speak a dialect around here.
  3. A language (often a regional or minority language) as part of a group or family of languages, especially if they are viewed as a single language, or if contrasted with a standardized variety that is considered the 'true' form of the language (for example, Cantonese as contrasted with Mandarin Chinese, or Bavarian as contrasted with German).
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      The question could be put: 'Is there anything inherent in a dialect which gives it a negative stigma or is it that the status of the majority of the speakers is transferred to the dialect?' — something that occurs in many regions in different countries.
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      Bloomfield, for example, noted that “local dialects are spoken by the peasants and the poorest people of the towns” (1933: 50) though he also thought that the lower middle class spoke 'sub-standard' speech.
    • Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:languages/error' not found.
      Among common errors still persisting in the minds of educated people, one error which dies very hard is the theory that a dialect is an arbitrary distortion of the mother tongue, a wilful mispronunciation of the sounds, and disregard of the syntax of a standard language.
    Синоним: patois (often derogatory)
  4. (computing, програмирање) A variant of a non-standardized programming language.
    Home computers in the 1980s had many incompatible dialects of BASIC.
  5. (ornithology) A variant form of the vocalizations of a bird species restricted to a certain area or population.

Корисне белешкеУреди

  • The difference between a language and a dialect is not always clear, and often has more to do with political boundaries than with linguistic differences. It is generally considered that people who speak different dialects of the same language can understand each other, while people who speak different languages cannot, however, in some cases, people who speak different dialects of the same language are mutually unintelligible. Compare species in the biological sense.

Изведени терминиУреди

Повезани терминиУреди

ПреводиУреди

Видите такођеУреди

Даље читањеУреди

  • "dialect" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 105.

АнаграмиУреди


DutchУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Средњи Француски dialecte, from Латински dialectos, dialectus, from Антички Грчки διάλεκτος (diálektos, conversation, the language of a country or a place or a nation, the local idiom which derives from a dominant language), from διαλέγομαι (dialégomai, I participate in a dialogue), from διά (diá, inter, through) + λέγω (légō, I speak).

PronunciationУреди

NounУреди

dialect n (plural dialecten, diminutive dialectje n)

  1. dialect
    Синоними: streektaal, mondaard
  2. A dialect of a language perceived as substandard or wrong.

AnagramsУреди


RomanianУреди

EtymologyУреди

From Француски dialecte.

NounУреди

dialect n (plural dialecte)

  1. (linguistics) language socially subordinate to a regional or national standard language, often historically cognate to the standard, but not a variety of it or in any other sense derived from it
  2. (colloquial) dialect

See alsoУреди