Такође погледајте: ずる


Етимологија 1Уреди


root verb (su, to do).[1][2]

As with all verbs, during the Middle Japanese stage in the Kamakura and Muromachi periods, the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal or sentence-ending form) was gradually lost as the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) came to be used for both the attributive and terminal grammatical roles, realigning the conjugations.

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する (suru

  1. to do
    Nani o shite imasu ka.
    What are you doing?
  2. to wear (accessories)
    Nekutai o suru.
    I wear a necktie.
  3. () to make into a certain state; to cause to become
    hitori ni shinaide
    please don't leave me to be alone by myself
    heya o kirei ni suru
    to clean up one's room
  4. () to have; to make
    kowai metsuki o suru
    to have an intimidating glare
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The verb する (“to do”) is seldom written in kanji (為る).

It is common to use する after certain nouns to indicate that the noun is being done; this is highly productive, meaning many nouns can be used as verbs in this way. Some examples are:

  • 勉強 (benkyō, studying)勉強する (benkyō suru, “to do studying” → “to study”)
  • 旅行 (ryokō, journey)旅行する (ryokō suru, “to do journey” → “to travel”)
  • (to do): (), () (nasu) (somewhat archaic, usage is more limited)
  • (to do): (おこな) (okonau, to carry out)
  • (used to make a verb): 〜る (-ru), a much less productive suffix for turning a noun into a verb
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Етимологија 2Уреди

Reading for various kanji spellings.


する (suru

Various verbs deriving from senses similar to “to slide” or “to rub”:

  1. 刷る, 摺る: to print something (from the way the paper would be placed on the printing block and rubbed)
  2. 掏る: to pick someone's pocket (possibly from the way a pickpocket must slide along unnoticed;[1] compare English slick)
  3. 擦る, 摩る, 磨る, 擂る: to slide, to rub, to chafe, to strike (as in a match, by rubbing); to lose or waste money
  4. 剃る: irregular reading for 剃る (soru, to shave)


  1. 1,0 1,1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN