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西 U+897F, 西
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-897F

[U+897E]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+8980]
U+2EC4, ⻄
CJK RADICAL WEST TWO

[U+2EC3]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EC5]

међународно


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Han character

西 (Kangxi radical 146, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一金田 (MCW), четири-угла 10600, composition𠁤)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1128, карактер 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 34763
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 1595, карактер 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 4, страна 2805, карактер 2
  • Unihan data за U+897F

Кинески


simp. and trad.
西
alternative forms

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера 西
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             
Знакови у истом фонетском низу (西) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
西

Pictogram (象形 (xiàngxíng)) – a bag or basket, borrowed for phonetic value. Compare (“bundle > east”). Traditionally explained as a pictogram of a bird settling into its nest, which by analogy with the setting of the sun means “west”. This etymology has been disputed (Sears), but Sagart (2004) stands by it.

Etymology

The word is traditionally reconstructed to have a /*s/-initial in Old Chinese, e.g. /*sɯːl/ in Zhengzhang (2003). However, recent scholarship has suggested that the Old Chinese initial should instead be reconstructed as /*s-nˤ/, one of the reasons being 西 appears to be the phonetic in (nǎi), the archaic graphic variant of . The new reconstruction, /*s-nˤər/ in Baxter and Sagart (2014), also accounts for how 西 can be the phonetic in (“to smile”). For more information, see Sagart (2004), Baxter and Sagart (2014) and Nohara (2018).

In light of the new construction with the initial consonant cluster /*s-nˤ/, the possibilities of the etymology of 西, aside from being cognate with (“to roost; to rest”) (B-S OC /*s-nˤər/), include:

Pronunciation

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Definitions

西

  1. west; western

Coordinate terms

Compounds

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Descendants

Sino-Xenic (西):
  • Јапански: 西(さい) (sai); 西(せい) (sei)
  • Корејски: 서(西) (seo)
  • Vietnamese: tây (西)

Others:


Јапански


Kanji

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  1. west
  2. Europe, European
  3. kanji used to transliterate foreign languages
  4. Short for 西班牙 (Supein): Spain, Spanish
  5. autumn

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
西
にし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From adnominal 往にし (inishi, leaving, passing), as the direction of sunset. Шаблон:rfv-etym

Pronunciation

Lua грешка in Модул:ja-pron at line 78: Parameter "y" is not used by this template..

Noun

西(にし) (nishi

  1. west Галицијски
    Антоним: (higashi)
  2. the West
  3. wind blowing from the west
    Антоним: (higashi)
  4. (theater) in kabuki:
    1. the left side of the stage in the Edo-style
    2. the right side of the stage in Kyoto and Osaka styles
  5. (sumo) lower-ranked wrestlers listed on the left side of a banzuke
    Антоним: (higashi)
  6. a capitalist state Галицијски
    Синоним: 西側 (nishigawa)
    Антоним: (higashi)
Coordinate terms
Derived terms
Idioms
Proverbs

Proper noun

西(にし) or 西(proper) (nishi or proper[[Категорија:Јапански Шаблон:error|にし]]

  1. (Buddhism) Synonym of 西方浄土 (Saihō Jōdo): the western paradise of Amitabha Buddha
  2. (Buddhism) Short for 西本願寺 (Nishi Hongan-ji): a Buddhist temple in Kyoto
    Синоним: お西 (o-Nishi)
  3. (historical) a red-light district in Edo-period Shinjuku Галицијски
  4. a place name, especially the name of various wards in major cities throughout Japan
  5. a презиме​.

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
西
しゃー
Grade: 2
irregular

Possibly a corruption of Мандарин 西 (, west).

Noun

西(シャー) (shā

  1. (mahjong) west wind (mahjong tile)
    Hypernym: 風牌 (kazehai, fanpai)
  2. (mahjong) a (yaku, winning hand) with a triplet or quad of west wind tiles; depending on wind round and player's seat wind, it is worth either 1 or 2 (han, doubles)
    Hypernym: 役牌 (yakuhai, yaku-pai)
See also

References



Корејски


Etymology

From Middle Chinese 西.

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: syèy)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] (Yale: syè-s-nyèk) (Yale: syè)

Pronunciation

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:
[[wikisource:ko:Special:Search/"西"|西]]

Wikisource

Lua грешка in Модул:headword at line 498: In full_headword(), `data.translits` must be an array but is a string.

  1. Hanja form? of (west; western).

Compounds

References

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Okinawan

Kanji

西

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Noun

西 (hiragana いり, rōmaji iri)

  1. the West

Compounds

  • 西風 (いりかじ, irikazi, west wind)

Вијетнамски


Han character

  1. west
  2. West (the Western world)
  • Sơn Tây : 山西
  • Tây Sơn : 西山
  • Sài Gòn : 西貢
  • phía tây : 費西

References

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

 
Објашњење.

Изговор:

пинјин: xi  
Аудио:  noicon(датотека)
Шаблон:zh-cir

Радикал:

146

Значења:

  1. запад

Примери:

  1. 20 西[1]就是大海直到對面西[1]
    1. 20 Xi jiè jiùshì dàhǎi, cóng nán jiè zhídào hā mǎ kǒu duìmiàn zhī dì. Zhè shì xi jiè.
      1. 20. А западна ће страна бити велико море, од те међе до према уласку у Емат; то је западна страна.

Синоними:

...


Хомофони:

...

Хомографи:

...

ХСК ниво:

...

Асоцијације:

...

Изведене речи:

...


Сродни чланци са Википедије:

西


Преводи

  • Француски:
  • Немачки:
  • Италијански:
  • Шпански:
  • Португалски:
  • Арапски:
  • Руски:
  • Грчки:
  • Бугарски:
  • Шведски:

Референце

[66 [4]] 65 67 Шаблон:Kateg