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U+53E3, 口
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53E3

[U+53E2]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+53E4]
U+2F1D, ⼝
KANGXI RADICAL MOUTH

[U+2F1C]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F1E]

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Редослед писања
 
Редослед писања
 

Han character

(Kangxi radical 30, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 口 (R), четири-угла 60000, composition)

  1. Кангци радикал #30, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №22

Usage notes

This character () is used within characters. If a square is used as an enclosure around another character, then the character (U+56D7) is used instead.

Derived characters

Further reading

  • KangXi: page 171, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 3227
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 379, карактер 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 1, страна 566, карактер 14
  • Unihan data за U+53E3

Chinese

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠙵
𠮚
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形) – resembles an open mouth.

In the oracle bone script, radical is used for characters having abstract meanings. Such a character can have a figurative meaning derived from the phonetic part, e.g. (“right”) = (“right hand”) + and 𪪺 (“strong; powerful”) = (“bow”) + , or be an unrelated borrowing, e.g. (“no”) = (“calyx”) + .

Etymology 1

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ku(w) (mouth). Cognate with Garo ku·sik (mouth), Tangut 𗋈 (ngu², mouth).

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • Sixian:
    • khiéu - literary;
    • héu - vernacular.
  • Meixian:
    • kêu3 - literary;
    • hêu3 - vernacular.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Нота:
    • kāu - vernacular;
    • kēu - literary.
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • kháu - vernacular;
    • káu - vernacular (limited, e.g. 啞口);
    • khó͘/khió - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. (anatomy) mouth, especially the lips and internal mouth cavity (Класификатор: c)
      , 口腔
        ―  Shù shù nǐ de kǒu.  ―  Rinse your mouth out.
      出自聽來令人奇怪 [MSC, trad.]
      出自听来令人奇怪 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè huà chūzì nǐ de kǒu, tīnglái lìngrén qíguài. [Pinyin]
      This sounds strange in your mouth.
    2. entrance; opening; mouth (of an object)
        ―  kǒu  ―  entrance
        ―  chūkǒu  ―  exit
      /   ―  ménkǒu  ―  doorway
    3. gateway
      張家 / 张家  ―  Zhāngjiākǒu  ―  Zhangjiakou
        ―  Kǒuběi  ―  the area beyond the Great Wall
        ―  kǒu  ―  St. George's mushroom (Calocybe gambosa)
    4. hole; cut
        ―  kǒuzi  ―  hole
      /   ―  shāngkǒu  ―  wound
    5. port
      電腦 / 电脑  ―  diànnǎo duānkǒu  ―  computer port
      C  ―  sēikǒu  ―  USB-C port
    6. perimeter
        ―  rénkǒu  ―  population
      /   ―  kǒu  ―  hukou
    7. government organ; department
    8. Classifier for family members, populations and guns.
        ―  sān kǒu zhī jiā  ―  a family of three
    9. Classifier for bites or mouthfuls.
      可以 / 可以  ―  Wǒ kěyǐ chī yī kǒu ma?  ―  Can I have a bite?
    10. (neologism, slang) to fellate
    11. A презиме​..

    Synonyms

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Etymology 2

    За изговор и дефиниције од – види .
    (Овај character, , је an ancient облик од .)

    References


    Japanese

    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Шаблон:col5-u

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    くつ
    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    /kutu//kut͡su/

    From Стари Јапански. Appears in compound terms listed in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 CE.

    The ancient combining form of modern reading kuchi.[1] Likely the original form.

    No longer productive in modern Japanese. Only found in older compounds.

    There are interesting potential phonetic and semantic overlaps with Средњи Кинески (“hole; cave”), (“mouth; opening; hole”); Корејски (gut), 굿 (gut, hole; hollow; cavity); possibly even Ainu クㇳ (kut), クッチ (kutchi, throat). One possibility is that these represent prehistoric nativized borrowings from Chinese. However, there is yet no clear evidence of relatedness.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (くつ) (kutsu

    1. mouth
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    くち
    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    */kutu i//kuti//kut͡ɕi/

    From Стари Јапански, ultimately from Proto-Japonic *kutuy. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[2]

    Shift from kutu above, probably by fusion with ancient nominal particle (i). Compare the phonetic development of (kami, spirit, god) from kamu + i, (ki, tree) from ko + i, (me, eye) from ma + i.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (くち) (kuchi

    1. mouth
      • 1999 јул 22, “グレード・ビル [Great Bill]”, in Vol.4, Konami:
        どんなものでも(まる)()みできる(おお)きな(くち)()っている。
        Donna mono de mo marunomi dekiru ōkina kuchi o motteiru.
        Its massive mouth can swallow whole anything whole.
    2. opening
    3. Овај израз захтева дефиницију. Молим вас помозите и додајте превод, затим уклоните текст {{rfdef}}.
      ()(くち)
      kakikuchi
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. Овај израз захтева дефиницију. Молим вас помозите и додајте превод, затим уклоните текст {{rfdef}}.
      ()ける(くち)
      ikeru kuchi
      able to down a drink
      ()める(くち)
      nomeru kuchi
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    5. taste (in food), preference
      ()(ほん)(じん)(くち)()わせた(りょう)()
      Nihonjin no kuchi ni awaseta ryōri
      food adapted to Japanese tastes
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    on’yomi

    From Средњи Кинески . The 呉音 (goon), so likely the initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    () (ku

    1. (Buddhism) the mouth
    2. (Buddhism) (by extension) one's speech, one's words
    3. the mouthpiece of a flute

    Counter

    () (-ku

    1. used to count people
    2. used to count per-person portions
    3. used to count open-mouthed containers
    4. used to count bladed weapons or tools

    Etymology 4

    Kanji за овај терм
    こう
    Степен: 1
    on’yomi

    From Средњи Кинески . The 漢音 (kan'on), so likely a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation

    Counter

    (こう) (-kō

    1. used to count people
    2. used to count bladed weapons or tools

    References

    1. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3532), text here
    3. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean

    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation

    • (in 口文, 口錢, and 口硬):
    • (mouth; entrance; hole; etc.):
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ku(ː)]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (ip gu))

    1. Hanja form? of (mouth).
    2. Hanja form? of (entrance; opening).
    3. Hanja form? of (hole).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Kunigami

    Kanji

    Readings

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana くちー, rōmaji khuchī)

    1. mouth
    2. language
    3. dialect
    4. speech

    Miyako

    Kanji

    Readings

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana ふつ, rōmaji futsu, alternative reading ふィちィ, rōmaji fïchï)

    1. mouth
    2. language
    3. dialect
    4. speech

    References


    Okinawan

    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana くち, rōmaji kuchi)

    1. mouth
    2. language
    3. dialect
    4. speech

    Compounds

    References


    Vietnamese

    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: khẩu-tdcntd;gdhn
    : Nôm readings: khẩu-tdcntd;gdhn

    1. Hán tự form of khẩu, “mouth; opening

    References



    Yaeyama

    Kanji

    Readings

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana ふつぃ, rōmaji futsï)

    1. mouth
    2. language
    3. dialect
    4. speech

    Yonaguni

    Kanji

    Readings

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana ってぃ, rōmaji tti)

    1. mouth
    2. language
    3. dialect
    4. speech



    (кинески)


     
    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: kǒu  
    Аудио:  (датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    030

    Значења:

    ...

    Примери:

    1. 6 惡人言論埋伏正直拯救
      1. 6 Èrén de yánlùn, shì máifú liú rén de xuè. Zhèngzhí rén de kǒu, zhěngjiù rén
        1. 6. Речи безбожних вребају крв, а праведне избављају уста њихова.
          1. 5 7

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:


    Преводи

    • Енглески:
    • Француски:
    • Немачки:
    • Италијански:
    • Шпански:
    • Португалски:
    • Арапски:
    • Руски:
    • Српски:
    • Грчки:
    • Бугарски:
    • Шведски:

    Референце

    Спољашње Везе

    • [archchinese.com [2]]
    • [Biblija [3]]
    • [wordproject.org[4]]
    • [justlearnchinese.com [5]] 1 3

    Претходна Страна Наредна

    029 031

    Листа 口: