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U+6728, 木
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6728

[U+6727]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6729]
U+2F4A, ⽊
KANGXI RADICAL TREE

[U+2F49]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F4B]

међународно


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Alternative forms

  • In Hong Kong and Taiwan, when 木 is at the bottom of a character, it is written as 朩 without a hook instead of 木 itself.

Han character

(Kangxi radical 75, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 木 (D), четири-угла 40900, composition𠆢)

  1. Кангци радикал #75, .

Derived characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 509, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 14415
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 888, карактер 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 1149, карактер 6
  • Unihan data за U+6728

Кинески


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形 (xiàngxíng)) – a tree: branches on top, roots on the bottom (more visible in earlier forms).

Etymology

No known cognate exists. It can perhaps be compared with Proto-Karen *məŋᴮ (trunk (of a tree); firewood) (Starostin) or Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔmuk (stump (of a tree)) (Schuessler, 2007).

The common Sino-Tibetan root for “tree; wood” is *siŋ ~ sik, represented by (“firewood”).

Pronunciation


Note:
  • ba̍k - vernacular;
  • bo̍k - literary.

Definitions

  1. tree; woody plant
    Синоними:
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
    • Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
  2. wood; timber
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
  3. wooden
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
  4. simple; plain; slow; emotionless; wooden
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
  5. coffin
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
  6. (Mandarin, neologism, slang) Eye dialect spelling of .
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
  7. numb
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..
    Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 169: Please specify the category..

Synonyms

Compounds

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Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Јапански: (もく) (moku); (ぼく) (boku)
  • Корејски: 목(木) (mok)
  • Вијетнамски: mộc ()

Other:


Јапански


Kanji

(Први grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term

Степен: 1
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling

⟨ki2 → */kɨ//ki/

From Old Japanese (ki2), from Proto-Japonic *kəy. Cognate with Proto-Ryukyuan *ke, whence Southern Amami-Oshima けぃー (kʰɨː), Okinawan きー (kiː), Kunigami きー (kʰiː), Miyako きー (kiː), Yaeyama きー (kiː) and Yonaguni きー (kʰiː).

Likely developed from fusion of older form (ko, see below) + (i, emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in (kamu → kami, Shinto deity).[1]

Possibly related with Goguryeo 肹, 斤乙 (*kɨT).

Pronunciation

Lua грешка in Модул:ja-pron at line 78: Parameter "yomi" is not used by this template..

Noun

() (ki

  1. a tree or shrub
  2. wood, timber, lumber
  3. (graph theory, computer science) a tree Галицијски
  4. (theater, sumo, etc.) a clapper used to signal the opening or closing of a match or play
Idioms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term

Степен: 1
kun'yomi

⟨ko2 → */kə//ko/

From Old Japanese (ko2), from Proto-Japonic *kə.

Likely the original form of ki above. Obsolete in modern Japanese, never found in isolation; only found in compounds and certain idioms.[1]

Pronunciation

Lua грешка in Модул:ja-pron at line 78: Parameter "yomi" is not used by this template..

Noun

() (ko

  1. Шаблон:n-g-lite tree; wood
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
もく
Степен: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese . The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the original borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Compare modern Кантонски (muk6).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Lua грешка in Модул:ja-pron at line 78: Parameter "yomi" is not used by this template..

Noun

(もく) (moku

  1. a tree
  2. Short for 木曜日 (mokuyōbi): Thursday
  3. wood grain
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
ぼく
Степен: 1
kan'on

From Middle Chinese . The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Compare literary Min Nan (bo̍k).

Pronunciation

Lua грешка in Модул:ja-pron at line 78: Parameter "yomi" is not used by this template..

Noun

(ぼく) (boku

  1. a tree; more specifically, a living tree
  2. the bent and gnarled trunk or roots of an old tree
  3. wood, lumber
  4. something made of wood
  5. in ancient China, a wooden musical instrument

Adjective

Lua грешка in Модул:ja-headword at line 301: attempt to call field 'kana_to_romaji' (a nil value).

  1. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's character or behavior
  2. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's mental abilities: blockheaded, stupid, dimwitted
Inflection

References

  1. 1,0 1,1 Pellard, Thomas (2012) “日琉祖語の分岐年代”, in 琉球諸語と古代日本語に関する比較言語学的研究」ワークショップ[1], page 6

Корејски


Etymology

From Middle Chinese .

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 목〮 (Yale: mwók)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[4] 나모 (Yale: nàmwò) 목〮 (Yale: mwók)

Pronunciation

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:
[[wikisource:ko:Special:Search/"木"|]]

Wikisource

(eumhun 나무 (namu mok))

  1. Hanja form? of (tree; wood; wooden).
  2. Hanja form? of (Short for 목요일(木曜日) (mogyoil, Thursday).).

Compounds

References

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [5]

Okinawan

Kanji

Readings

Etymology

/ki//kiː/

From Proto-Ryukyuan *ke, from Proto-Japonic *kəy.

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana きー, rōmaji )

  1. a tree

References


Old Japanese

Etymology 1

From Proto-Japonic *kəy. Compare Middle Chinese .

Likely developed from fusion of older form (ko2, see below) + (i(2), emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in (kamu → kami2, Shinto deity).[1]

Noun

(ki2) (kana )

  1. a tree or shrub
  2. wood, timber, lumber
Descendants
  • Јапански: (ki)

Etymology 2

From Proto-Japonic *kə. Compare Middle Chinese .

Likely the original form of ⟨ki2 above. Never found in isolation.[1]

Noun

(ko2) (kana )

  1. Шаблон:n-g-lite
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Јапански: (ko)

Etymology 3

Analysis in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE) shows that this variation of ⟨ki2 is not limited to Eastern dialects.

Noun

(ke2) (kana )

  1. (regional, Northern Eastern Old Japanese, Southern Eastern Old Japanese) Шаблон:n-g-lite
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4375), text here
      麻都能乃奈美多流美礼波伊波妣等乃和例乎美於久流等多多理之母己呂
      matu no2 ke2 no2 nami1taru mi1reba ipabi1to2 no2 ware wo mi1okuru to2 tatari si moko2ro2
      Looking at the pine trees all in a row, they were just like the people from the household standing to see me off
Derived terms

References

  1. 1,0 1,1 Pellard, Thomas (2012) “日琉祖語の分岐年代”, in 琉球諸語と古代日本語に関する比較言語学的研究」ワークショップ[2], page 6

Вијетнамски


Han character

: Hán Việt readings: mộc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn ((mạc)(bốc)(thiết))
: Nôm readings: mọc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;taberd, mốc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;taberd, mộc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;taberd, móc-tdcndg;gdhn;btcn;taberd, mục-gdhn;btcn;taberd, chúc-tdcntd

  1. Hán tự form of mộc, “tree; wood

Compounds

References



 
Објашњење.

Изговор:

пинјин:  
Аудио:  (датотека)
Шаблон:zh-cir

Радикал:

75

Значења:

...

Примери:

  1. 12 使蓮如使 朽爛[1]
    1. 12 Wǒ shǐ yǐ fǎ liánrú chóng zhù zhī wù, shǐ yóu dàjiā rú xiǔlàn zhī mù.
      1. 12. Зато ћу ја бити Јефрему као мољац и као црв дому Јудином.

Синоними:

...


Хомофони:

...

Хомографи:

...

ХСК ниво:

...

Асоцијације:

...

Изведене речи:

...


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Шаблон:Kateg

074 076

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