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U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]
U+2F47, ⽇
KANGXI RADICAL SUN

[U+2F46]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F48]
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Commons:Category
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Han character

(Kangxi radical 72, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), четири-угла 60100, composition)

  1. Кангци радикал #72, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №231

Usage notes

  • Not to be confused with (Kangxi radical #73), which is generally wider and shorter.

Derived characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 489, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 848, карактер 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 1482, карактер 1
  • Unihan data за U+65E5

Further reading


Кинески


Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ

Pictogram (象形 (xiàngxíng)) – the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. (early form of ). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun () and the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓇳.

Etymology 1

једн. and трад.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəj. Cognate to Tibetan ཉི་མ (nyi ma, sun, day), Burmese နေ့ (ne., day), S'gaw Karen နံၤ (, day), and Nuosu (nyip, day, daytime).

Pronunciation

Lua грешка in Модул:wuu-pron at line 205: Invalid syllable: 5nyiq,5zeq. Wugniu expected, but another romanisation is supplied..

Definitions

  1. (astronomy) Sun
  2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
      ―  bān  ―  day shift
    Antonyms: , 夜間夜间, 夜晚, 晚上
  3. day; twenty-four hours
  4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
  5. day of the month
    三月  ―  sān yuè sì   ―  March 4
    Синоними:
  6. some day; some other time
  7. former times; previous times; the past
  8. time; period; age
  9. Класификатор за days.
  10. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    詞典词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
  11. Alternative form of (èr, “two”).
  12. (obsolete) Short for 日斯巴尼亞日斯巴尼亚 (“Spain”).
  13. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of
Synonyms

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():

Etymology 2

једн. and трад.
alternative forms

Essentially a substitute character for (“to enter”) that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ; see the etymology there for more.

Pronunciation


Definitions

  1. (dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
      ―  gǒu  ―  fucking
Synonyms

Etymology 3

једн. and трад.

Pronunciation

Definitions

  1. Only used in , a Han dynasty-era personal name borne by Jin Midi (金日磾金日䃅工46工46工46工46) and Ma Midi (馬日磾马日䃅工46工46工46工46).

Etymology 4

За изговор и дефиниције од – види .
(Овај character, , је an ancient облик од .)

References


Јапански


Kanji

(Први grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
にち
Степен: 1
goon

/nʲitɨ//nit͡ɕi/

From Middle Chinese .

The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation

  This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun

(にち) (nichi

  1. Short for 日曜日 (nichiyōbi): Sunday

Counter

(にち) (-nichi

  1. ordinal day of a month
    27(にじゅうしち)(にち)nijūshichi-nichithe 27th
  2. number of days
    (たん)(じょう)()まであと12(じゅうに)(にち)tanjōbi made ato jūni-nichi daMy birthday is in 12 days.
Usage notes

Sometimes shortened to んち (​-nchi) or (​-chi).

Derived terms
See also
Japanese number-counter combinations for
1(st) 2(nd) 3(rd) 4(th) 5(th) 6(th) 7(th) 8(th) 9(th) 10(th)
How many? (いち)(にち) (ichinichi) (ふつ)() (futsuka) (みっ)() (mikka) (よっ)() (yokka) (いつ)() (itsuka) (むい)() (muika) (なの)() (nanoka)
(なぬ)() (nanuka)
(よう)() (yōka) (ここの)() (kokonoka) (とお)() (tōka)
What day? 一日(ついたち) (tsuitachi)
(いっ)() (ippi)
11(th) 12(th) 13(th) 14(th) 15(th) 16(th) 17(th) 18(th) 19(th) 20(th)
(じゅう)(いち)(にち) (jūichinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūninichi) (じゅう)(さん)(にち) (jūsannichi) (じゅう)(よっ)() (jūyokka) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūgonichi) (じゅう)(ろく)(にち) (jūrokunichi) (じゅう)(しち)(にち) (jūshichinichi) (じゅう)(はち)(にち) (jūhachinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūkunichi) 二十(はつ)() (hatsuka)
24(th) 27(th) 29(th) 30(th) 40(th) 50(th) 100(th) 1,000(th) 10,000(th) ?
()(じゅう)(よっ)() (nijūyokka) ()(じゅう)(しち)(にち) (nijūshichinichi) ()(じゅう)()(にち) (nijūkunichi) (さん)(じゅう)(にち) (sanjūnichi)
()()() (misoka)
()(じゅう)(にち) (shijūnichi)
()()() (yosoka)
()(じゅう)(にち) (gojūnichi)
五十()() (ika)
(ひゃく)(にち) (hyakunichi)
(もも)() (momoka)
(せん)(にち) (sennichi) (いち)(まん)(にち) (ichimannichi) (なん)(にち) (nannichi)

Affix

(にち) (nichi

  1. sun
  2. daytime, daylight
  3. day
  4. Short for 日本 (Nihon, Nippon): Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
  5. Short for 日向国 (Hyūga-no-kuni): Hyūga Province
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
じつ
Степен: 1
kan'on

/d͡ʑitʉ//d͡ʑit͡su//ʑit͡su/

From Middle Chinese . The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Compare modern Min Nan (ji̍t).

Pronunciation

  This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Affix

(じつ) (jitsu

  1. sun
  2. day
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term

Степен: 1
kun'yomi

⟨pi1 → */pʲi//ɸi//hi/

From Old Japanese.

Alternative forms

  • (sun, sunlight, daytime):

Pronunciation

  • Audio:(file)

Noun

() (hi

  1. the sun
    Синонимs: 太陽 (taiyō), 日輪 (nichirin)
  2. sunlight, sunshine
    Синоним: 日光 (nikkō)
  3. daytime, daylight
    Синоним: 昼間 (hiruma)
  4. a day
  5. time and date
  6. a daily Галицијски
    Синонимs: 日々 (hibi), 毎日 (mainichi)
  7. the weather
    Синоним: 天気 (tenki)
  8. a Галицијски case, event, situation
  9. the times Галицијски
    Синонимs: (koro), 時代 (jidai)
  10. an auspicious or inauspicious aspect of a given day
    Синоним: 日柄 (higara)
  11. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a sun-shaped design
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term

Степен: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Counter

() or (counter) (ka or counter[[Категорија:Јапански Шаблон:error|か]]

  1. daytimes
  2. number of days
Derived terms

References

  1. 1,0 1,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Корејски


Etymology

From Middle Chinese .

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅀᅵᇙ〮 (Yale: zílq)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 날〮 (Yale: nál) ᅀᅵᆯ〮 (Yale: zíl)

Pronunciation

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:
[[wikisource:ko:Special:Search/"日"|]]

Wikisource

(eumhun (nal il))

  1. Hanja form? of (day).
  2. Hanja form? of (sun; daytime).
  3. Hanja form? of (Short for 일요일(日曜日) (iryoil, Sunday).).

Compounds

Proper noun

Hanja in this term

(il) (hangeul )

  1. (in news headlines) Short for '"`UNIQtemplatestyles00000045QINU`"' (Ilbon, Japan).

Usage notes

In news headlines, this is almost always written solely in the Hanja form, even in contemporary Korean text otherwise devoid of any Hanja.

References

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Okinawan

Kanji

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Compounds


Old Japanese

Compounds

Etymology 1

From Proto-Japonic *pi.

Distinct from (pi2, fire). See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

Noun

(pi1) (kana )

  1. the sun
  2. sunlight, sunshine
  3. daytime, daylight
  4. a day
  5. a reference to the imperial family or lineage, thought to be descended from the sun goddess Amaterasu
Derived terms

See 日/derived terms § Old_Japanese_etymology_1.

Descendants
See also

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix

(-ka) (kana )

  1. daytimes
  2. number of days
Derived terms

See 日/derived terms § Old_Japanese_etymology_2.

Descendants
  • Јапански: (-ka)

Etymology 3

Apophonic form of ka above, possibly by the fusion of ancient nominal particle (i).

Noun

(ke2) (kana )

  1. (plural only) days
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 484), text here
      一日社人母待吉長乎如此耳待者有不得勝
      pi1to1pi1 ko2so2 pi1to2 mo mati yo2ki1 nagaki1 ke2 wo kaku nomi2 mateba arikatu
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Derived terms

See 日/derived terms § Old_Japanese_etymology_3.


Вијетнамски


Han character

: Hán Việt readings: nhật-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn ((nhân)(chất)(thiết)), nhựt-gdhn
: Nôm readings: nhặt-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;taberd, nhật-tdcndg;tdcntd;taberd, nhạt-tdcntd;gdhn, nhựt-tdcntd;taberd, nhờn-tdcndg

  1. Hán tự form of nhật, “sun; day

Compounds

References