Такође погледајте: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 𡚦, и 𠨰
U+5973, 女
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5973

[U+5972]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+5974]
U+2F25, ⼥
KANGXI RADICAL WOMAN

[U+2F24]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F26]
U+F981, 女
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F981

[U+F980]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F982]

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Хан карактер

(Kangxi radical 38, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), четири-угла 40400, composition𡿨(GJKV) or ⿻𡿨𠂇(HT))

  1. Кангци радикал #38, .

Изведени карактери

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 254, карактер 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 516, карактер 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 1023, карактер 23
  • Unihan data за U+5973

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (“mother”), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

Етимологија 1

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𠨰
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)
 
女性

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nja-ŋ/k (woman).

Pronunciation 2 is an exoactive derivation of pronunciation 1 (Schuessler, 2007).

Изговор 1


Нота:
  • neoi5-2 - “daughter; girlfriend; girl”;
  • neoi5-1 - “queen”.
  • Gan
  • Нота:
    • nyy3 - usual pronunciation, including “daughter”;
    • nyyn3 - “daughter”.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • Xiamen:
      • lú - more common.
    • Zhangzhou:
      • lí - more common.
    • Quanzhou:
      • lír - more common;
      • lú - colloquial variant.
  • (Teochew)
  • Нота:
    • neng2 - vernacular;
    • ni2 - colloquial.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. woman; (only of humans in Standard Chinese) female
        ―  rén  ―  woman
        ―  de  ―  woman; female
      演員 / 演员  ―  yī ge yǎnyuán  ―  an actress
      士兵 / 士兵  ―  yī ge shìbīng  ―  a female soldier
      請問衛生間哪兒 [MSC, trad.]
      请问卫生间哪儿 [MSC, simp.]
      Qǐngwèn wèishēngjiān zài nǎr? [Pinyin]
      Excuse me, where is the ladies' lavatory?; Excuse me, where is the women's' bathroom?
      Шаблон:zh-cot
      ,
    2. daughter (Класификатор: c;  c)
        ―    ―  second daughter
      / [Cantonese]  ―  keoi5 hai6 ngo5 go3 neoi5-2. [Jyutping]  ―  She's my daughter.
    3. (Cantonese) girl; young female (Класификатор: c;  c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  leng3 neoi5-2 [Jyutping]  ―  pretty girl
    4. (Cantonese, slang) girlfriend (Класификатор: c)
    5. (Cantonese, cards) queen (Класификатор: c;  c)
    6. (astronomy) the Girl (a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, 10th of the Twenty-Eight Mansions and part of the Black Turtle)
    Синоними
    Једињења
    Descendants
    Sino-Xenic ():

    Изговор 2

    Дефиниције

    1. to give one's daughter in marriage; to give as wife

    Етимологија 2

    За изговор и дефиниције од – види (“you”).
    (Овај character, , је a variant облик од .)

    Референце


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. woman
    2. daughter

    Readings

    Compounds

    Етимологија 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    おんな
    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨womi1na⟩ → */womʲina//womʉna//wonːa//onːa/

    Shift from Стари Јапански wominaomina. See the (omina) entry for further details.

    Now one of the standard Japanese words for "a woman".

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (おんな) (onnaをんな (wonna)?

    1. a female human
      Antonym: (otoko)
    2. (specifically) a woman, an adult female
      Antonym: (otoko)
    3. a wife
      Синонимs: (tsuma), 女房 (nyōbō)
    4. a mistress, concubine
      Синонимs: 愛人 (aijin), 情婦 (jōfu), (mekake)
    5. a maid
      Синонимs: 下女 (gejo), 女中 (jochū)
    6. a prostitute
      Синонимs: 淫売婦 (inbaifu), 女郎 (jorō), 売春婦 (baishunfu), 遊女 (yūjo)
    7. a woman's appearance or quality
    8. a feminine object
    9. the object in a pairing which is smaller, gentler, etc. than the other
    10. (vulgar) girlfriend
      (ひと)(おんな)()()な!
      Hito no onna ni te o dasuna!
      Don't you fuckin' dare touch someone else's girl!
    Derived terms
    Idioms
    Proverbs

    Етимологија 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    おみな
    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨womi1na⟩ → */womʲina//omina/

    From Стари Јапански.[3]

    The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in (omina, old woman)), while the medial /mi/ is cognate with (me, female, woman, see below). According to Frellesvig (2010), proto-Japonic /e/ became Old Japanese [je] in final position and [i] elsewhere; analogous with PJ /o/, which became OJ [wo] in final position and [u] elsewhere (though PJ /i/ and /u/ also existed, confer Old Japanese 's two readings /po/ & /pu/ in Western & Eastern Old Japanese, respectively (Vovin, 2017)).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (おみな) (ominaをみな (womina)?

    1. (archaic) a young woman
    2. (archaic) a woman
    Derived terms

    Proper noun

    (おみな) (ominaをみな (womina)?

    1. a female given name

    Етимологија 3

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨me1 → */mʲe//me/

    From Стари Јапански,[4][5] from Proto-Japonic *mya.

    Appears to be distinct from (⟨me2 → me, eye).

    Pronunciation

    Alternative forms

    Noun

    () (me

    1. a woman
      Antonym: (o)
    2. a wife
      • c. 890, Taketori Monogatari (page 3)[6]
        ...()(をんな)にあづけてやしなはす。
        ...me no onna ni azukete yashinawasu.
        (please add an English translation of this example)
      Синоним: (tsuma)
      Antonym: (o)
    3. a female
      Antonym: , , (o)
    Usage notes

    Used more in compounds than on its own.

    Derived terms

    Етимологија 4

    Kanji за овај терм
    Степен: 1
    Irregular
    Alternative spelling

    ⟨womi1na⟩ → */womʲina//womʉna//woũna//woːna//oːna/

    Variant shift from Стари Јапански wominaomina (see above).

    Noun

    (おうな) (ōnaをうな (wouna)?

    1. (archaic) a young woman

    Етимологија 5

    Kanji за овај терм
    Степен: 1
    Irregular

    /wonːa//wona//ona/

    Shift from onna (see above).

    Noun

    (おな) (onaをな (wona)?

    1. (obsolete) a young woman

    Етимологија 6

    Kanji за овај терм
    Степен: 1
    Irregular

    /wona//wonaː//onaː/

    Long-pronounced form of ona (see above).

    Noun

    (おなあ) (onāをなあ (wonā)?

    1. (obsolete) a young woman

    Етимологија 7

     
    Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
    Википедија ja
    Kanji за овај терм
    じょ
    Степен: 1
    kan’on

    /dɨo//d͡ʑo/

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Noun

    (じょ) (joぢよ (dyo)?

    1. a woman, especially an actress or a prostitute

    Proper noun

    (じょ) (joぢよ (dyo)?

    1. (Chinese astronomy) the Girl constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
      Синонимs: うるき星 (Urukiboshi), 女宿 (Joshuku)

    Suffix

    (じょ) (-joぢよ (dyo)?

    1. (historical) suffixed to names of female figures in the Edo period

    See also

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. womina at OxFord-NINJAL Corpus of Old Japanese
    4. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    5. mye at OxFord-NINJAL Corpus of Old Japanese
    6. Horiuchi, Hideaki; Ken Akiyama (1997) Taketori Monogatari, Ise Monogatari, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource


    Етимологија 1

    From Средњи Кинески . Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: nye) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja

    (eumhun 계집 (gyejip nyeo), Јужна Кореја 계집 (gyejip yeo))

    1. Hanja form? of / (female; woman).

    Compounds

    Етимологија 2

    From Средњи Кинески / .

    Hanja

    (eumhun (neo yeo))

    1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (you).

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: nữ-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;bonet;genibrel ((ni)(lữ)(thiết)), nhữ-tdcndg;genibrel ((nhẫn)(dữ)(thiết))
    : Nôm readings: nợ-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;bonet;genibrel;taberd, nữa-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;bonet;genibrel;taberd, nữ-tdcndg;tdcntd;btcn;bonet;taberd, nỡ-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn, nớ-gdhn;btcn;bonet;genibrel, nhỡ-tdcndg;gdhn;btcn, lỡ-tdcntd;gdhn;btcn, nửa-tdcndg;gdhn, nhớ-tdcndg, nự-gdhn

    Compounds

    Етимологија 1

    Noun

    (nữ)

    1. Hán tự form of nữ, “female

    Adjective

    (nữ)

    1. Hán tự form of nữ, “female

    Prefix

    Шаблон:vi-prefix

    1. Hán tự form of nữ, “female

    Етимологија 2

    Pronoun

    Шаблон:vi-pronoun

    1. Hán tự form of nhữ, “(obsolete) you

    Етимологија 3

    Noun

    (nợ)

    1. Nôm form of nợ (debt).

    Verb

    (nợ)

    1. Nôm form of nợ (to owe).

    Етимологија 4

    Adverb

    (nữa)

    1. Nôm form of nữa (more; further).

    References



    (кинески)

     
    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин:  
    Аудио:  (датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    38

    Значења:

    ...

    Примери:

     1. Мојсијева, глава 16

    1. 1 亞伯蘭妻子撒萊兒女撒萊一個使[1]埃及
      1. 1 Yà bó lán de qīzi sā lái bù gěi tā shēng érnǚ. Sā lái yǒu yīgè shǐ nǚ míng jiào xià jiǎ, shì āijí rén.
        1. 1. Али Сара жена Аврамова не рађаше му деце. А имаше робињу Мисирку, по имену Агара.
          1. Суд. 13:2, Лука 1:7
            1. 21 2
    ... ... ... ... ... ...
    ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
    ... ... ... ... ... ...

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:


    Преводи

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    Референце

    Шаблон:Kateg

    037 039

    Листа 女: