Такође погледајте: и
U+5F13, 弓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F13

[U+5F12]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+5F14]
U+2F38, ⼸
KANGXI RADICAL BOW

[U+2F37]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F39]

међународно


Редослед писања
 

Han character

(Kangxi radical 57, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓 (N), четири-угла 17207, composition)

  1. Кангци радикал #57, .

Derived characters

See also

References

  • KangXi: page 356, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 9692
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 671, карактер 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 987, карактер 11
  • Unihan data за U+5F13

Кинески


simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𭚥

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形 (xiàngxíng)) – a bow.

Etymology

Possibly related to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *kuːŋ (tree, branch, stem) (Coblin, 1986), semantically connected with the shape of a bent tree branch. Cognate with Burmese ကိုင် (kuing, to bend over; to be bent), အကိုင် (a.kuing, stalk; branch), Tedim Chin [script needed] (kung¹, tree), Jingpho kung (to branch; to grow), lakung (branch; limb), Lepcha [script needed] (kóng, branch), [script needed] (kúng, tree) (STEDT).

Schuessler (2007) proposes that both Old Chinese and Proto-Tibeto-Burman *kuːŋ are derived from Proto-Mon-Khmer *koŋ, whence Nyah Kur [script needed] (kóoŋ, bent (in the middle)), Mon ကိုၚ် (to be bent), Khmer កោង (kaong, to bend; to be bent), Khasi pyrkhung (to bend; to arch), Pear kuŋ (bend), Vietnamese cong (to be bent, curved).

Also compare Proto-Tibeto-Burman *ku(ː)m (arched; vaulted)

Derivatives are (“(upper) arm”) and (“arched; vault; sky”).

Pronunciation

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Definitions

  1. bow Галицијски (Classifier: )
  2. curved; arched
  3. to arch; to bend
  4. (Jiexi Hakka) rainbow
  5. (obsolete) Synonym of , a traditional Chinese unit of length and area.

Synonyms

Compounds

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See also


Јапански


Kanji

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Readings

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. In modern Јапански, only found as a prefix in compounds.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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Prefix

() (yu-

  1. a bow, a bow shape
Derived terms

Etymology 2

 
Јапански Wikipedia has an article on:
Википедија ja
 
Енглески Wikipedia has an article on:
Википедија
 
(yumi): Four different types of bow.
 
Јапански Wikipedia has an article on:
Википедија ja
 
Енглески Wikipedia has an article on:
Википедија
 
Енглески Wikipedia has an article on:
Википедија
 
(yu, yumi, tarashi, kyū): Japanese bows, arrows, and arrow-stand.
 
Yumi bow parts names
Kanji in this term
ゆみ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE). A surface analysis suggests a combination of Old Japanese yu (see above) + suffixing element mi, itself of uncertain derivation.

Pronunciation

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Noun

(ゆみ) (yumi

  1. a bow:
    1. (weaponry) a bow for shooting arrows
    2. (music) a bow for playing a stringed instrument such as a violin or cello
  2. archery
  3. (Shinto) a type of kagura (sacred Shinto song and dance) intended to drive away evil
  4. short for ()()(ゆみ) (hama yumi): a ceremonial archery bow with the power to dispel evil
  5. a bow shape, a curve
  6. a bow-shaped tool used to beat ginned cotton into a softer and finer textile
Coordinate terms
Derived terms

See also

Further reading

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
たらし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Alteration from torashi, 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb torasu, from tora as the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 取る (toru, to take) + (su, honorific suffix in Old Japanese). Original meaning was “something kept to hand”.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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Alternative forms

Noun

(たらし) (tarashi

  1. (rare, honorific) an archery bow, particularly one belonging to a noble
Synonyms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 2
kan'on

From Middle Chinese .[1][2] Compare modern Мандарин (gōng).

Pronunciation

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Noun

(きゅう) (kyū

  1. (rare) a bow
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Chinese archery, a unit of length for measuring the distance between the archer and the target; one kyū was equal to six (shaku), roughly six feet or 182 centimeters
  3. (obsolete) in ancient China, a unit of length for surveying land; one kyū was equal to eight (shaku), roughly eight feet or 242 centimeters
Usage notes

In modern Јапански, the reading kyū is most often found in compounds.

Derived terms

References

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) ja:国語大辞典(新装版)<t:Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)>, w:Tōkyō: w:Shogakukan, →ISBN 9784095010021
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Корејски


 

the shape of the Hun bow

Hanja

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  1. Hanja form? of (bow (for shooting arrows).

Compounds


Вијетнамски


Han character

  1. a bow

Compounds

hình cung (形弓): an arc


 
Објашњење.

Изговор:

пинјин: gōng  
Аудио:  noicon(датотека)
Шаблон:zh-cir

Радикал:

05700

Значења:

...

Примери:

...

Синоними:

...


Хомофони:

...

Хомографи:

...

ХСК ниво:

...

Асоцијације:

...

Изведене речи:

...


Сродни чланци са Википедије:


Преводи

  • Француски:
  • Немачки:
  • Италијански:
  • Шпански:
  • Португалски:
  • Арапски:
  • Руски:
  • Српски:
  • Грчки:
  • Бугарски:
  • Шведски:

Референце

Шаблон:Kateg

Спољашње Везе

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